Egg Shells and Slugs

Egg Shells and Slugs

The problem with growing vegetables, is that we humans aren’t the only creatures that thinks the veggies are tasty. Unfortunately one of the creatures that often frequents my garden is the slimy, old slug. I don’t know about you, but I like to avoid using chemicals and nasty things in my garden if I can. So what can you do if you don’t want to use slug pellets but get stop slugs from eating your plants? Egg shells!! It is super, super easy too!

How to use egg shells to stop slugs from eating your plants:

What you need:

  • A garden with vegetables or delicious plants
  • Egg shells, washed and dried (I wash mine in warm water, and then leave them to air dry over night in a colander)

What to do:

  1. Smash up your egg shells into tiny pieces. It can hurt your fingers if you do it with your hands, so using a rolling pin, mortar and pestle, food processor or something alone those lines is a great idea. You don’t want the egg shells too small, and not too big either! About the size of an M&M or Skittle (thats a universal measurement right?)

2. Place the egg shells around the base of each plant, or if you have a lot, then sprinkle all over your soil.

Not only do the sharp edges of the shells stop the slugs or snails from making a meal out of your vegetables, the shells are also beneficial for your soil. Egg shells have a lot of calcium in them, and this is a great nutrient for plants such as tomatoes and cabbage. My great-uncle used to put a heap of milk powder in the hole he had dug for his tomatoes (calcium) so this same concept can be transferred to egg shells too! So even if you aren’t adding them to your garden to control slugs, you can chuck them in your compost bin – and they decompose quickly too.

If you often have an abundance of eggs shells, you can store the clean and dried eggs shells in a jar and save them up for a time when you need them

I have found that the eggs shells work for keeping the slugs off my garden, although you do need to keep sprinkling them over the garden as the rain can move them around. Let me know if egg shells work for you or if you have any clever, natural pest deterrents!

Growing Vegetables from Seeds

Growing Vegetables from Seeds

Growing vegetables from seeds is a super cost effective, and rewarding way to create your own garden. You have full control, right from the get go, of how your plants are nurtured. And it is so fun to watch your little guys start to sprout. It can be intimidating growing plants from seeds, but it totally doesn’t have to be, and it is really simple. There is something so amazing about eating fruit or vegetables from a plant that you know started as a small seed that you planted and helped nurture as it germinated and then started to grow!

How to grow your own vegetables from seeds

Things you will need:

  • Seeds (something in season)
  • Seed trays (preferably something biodegradable like egg cartons, lemon halves with the flesh removed, or jiffy trays like pictured)
  • Potting mix (I use a seed raising mix whichΒ specifically feed seeds and encourage germination, but you can use normal potting mix if you like)
  • A container (I use an empty ice-cream container)
  • Paper and a pen (for writing down what is planted where)
  • Water (to moisten the soil)
  • Gloves (to keep your hands clean-ish)

5 Easy Steps to Being A Master Seed Grower

1. Write down which seeds you are planting where, because if you are planting a few things, you wanna remember what you have planted! Keeping track of what you have planted makes it easier to also plan space and companion planting in your garden, rather than having a lucky dip!

2. Put some potting mix in the container, and mix a small amount of water in to the soil. Not too much, but just enough to make the soil slightly wet.

3. Fill your container about 3/4 of the way up with the moist soil and then place a seed gently on top the soil. If they are big seeds like pumpkin or squash seeds, I only do one seed, but if they are small like tomato seeds I will normally do a couple (just in case).

4. Sprinkle on top the seeds a little bit more of the moist soil. You really only need a very small layer of soil on top, as you want like sprouted seed to be able to break out of the soil and get to the sunlight.

5. Β Place the seed tray in a spot that gets good morning sunshine, as well as some shade in the hottest part of the day. This means that the seeds will grow well, and the soil won’t dry out. Make sure that you water the seeds everyday, but that the seed tray doesn’t flood, or that the water doesn’t pool, as this can damage the seed. I like to use a misting bottle to gently water the germinating seeds. If your seedlings start to grow mold on the soil, sprinkle a little cinnamon on top of the soil to help get rid of the mold, Β and if possible, move your seed tray somewhere with better air circulation (or place a fan nearby on a low setting).

If you follow these instructions, you should have some lovely little green plants starting to sprout after one or two weeks.Β It is still important to ensure they are getting morning sunshine, and adequate water. Once the seedlings are well established, and their true leaves have grown they can be transferred to the main garden (true leaves are the leaves that grow after the initially sprouted leaves – pictured below). If you did plant a couple of seeds per cell in your tray, once the true leaves have sprouted, cut one of the plants at the base of the stem, so you just have one seedling per tray as if you try to pull the sprout out you can damage the roots of both plants.

The Gardening Blues

I have a confession to make. A few months ago, we found out that at the height of our future vegetable harvest, that we would be moving house. And my first instinct was heartbreak knowing that after months of work and making my garden the way I wanted it, we would be leaving it. I actually cried.
The vegetable garden that essentially started it all would not be mine soon. Because of this, I made a decision to leave the garden, and focus on my kitchen garden on my patio. I couldn’t justify the investment of time and money if I couldn’t even reap the harvest.
But after making this decision, I decided to go ahead and plant the seedlings I had been growing, up in the big garden and also on our patio, and I would still enjoy the big garden while I had it.
But then again, reality hit me, and slowly but surely, I stopped watering the garden, I stopped weeding it, and I stopped going up there. It became a burden in my mind, knowing that whatever work I put in, I wouldn’t benefit from it in the way that I had wanted. The place that was once my paradise and sanctuary became a place that I just couldn’t make myself visit.
Its crazy how much I benefited from gardening in a way I didn’t actually know I did. Gardening in my garden became my safe haven and my get away from the craziness of my life, as I’m sure many other gardeners can relate too. And then this garden became something I was ashamed of. I didn’t want people to know that the girl who gardens, stopped gardening. And then I felt guilt that I let it happen.
Then I just gave up completely on gardening. Even the garden I walk past everyday on my patio. I just gave up. I couldn’t be bothered. My life caught up with me and I got so consumed in the busyness. And then I didn’t even think about it anymore. I didn’t even feel ashamed or guilty. I just didn’t even care.
But then I came home one day, and I saw it. It was there. Right there. Even though I had left it, and abandoned it. I hadn’t watered it or fed it. But it was there. A little, green tomato. On my patio. Somehow, against all the odds. It was there!
And I felt this immense joy and satisfaction because life is so persistent and it goes on. And even though I had given up on my plants, they were still tree and growing! That tiny, green tomato was like a beacon of hope. It reminded me that gardening isn’t just about the harvest, it’s about the whole journey. It’s about taking time to enjoy the garden and it’s beauty.
And now here’s where it gets crazy. I went back up to my garden that I hadn’t been to in months. It was so far gone and so crazy. Wasps had made a best in the rock wall behind the garden. Tomato plants had fallen over with big tomatoes attached as I hadn’t staked them. Lettuces had overgrown. There were dead plants everywhere. And at first I felt a pang of regret that I had let the garden become that way. But then I let it go. I appreciated what the garden had been like and all that I had felt up there. All the hours, all the sweat and occasionally blood.
Β 
I realized that The Cottage Veggie Garden isn’t one permanent garden. I’m not leaving it behind when I move house. The Cottage Veggie Garden is an idea. It’s a dream. It’s wherever I choose to plant, whether that’s in pots or in the ground.Β 

Β 

And strangely enough the beauty in the overgrowth of my two gardens has made me want to get back into the garden. And that one small, green tomato, I want to see it become big, red and juicy.

Composting

Composting the garden is something that all gardeners do at some stage. however, making your own compost is something that many people steer clear of. Not because it is difficult or hard to do, but more that it takes patience and a little bit of a recipe. Composting is such a key part of gardening. It is so cool, and so important to return back to the garden, what has come from the garden. Its kinda like the circle of gardening life! If you need any more convincing about why you should compost then think about things like you’re recycling, you’re putting back into the earth what your plants have eaten up (nutrients), its free (once you have a container), it is rewarding and the thing that makes me so convinced composting is a good idea, is that you know exactly what is going into your garden! You decide what chemicals are going into your food, and I like to choose no chemicals! So I see composting as a win-win for all parties involved (me, the garden and my family).
Composting the garden is so important! Adding nutrients back into the soil is essential!
So how do you compost?! Well you have probably all seen the classic composting bins. The big, black plastic things? I have one of those! I didn’t buy it, but it was just left at our property and had been used as a rubbish bin. Yummy. Not! So I converted this back into a compost bin. You can go out and buy one of these bins to make your compost in, or you can make your own compost bin, simply by creating four waist height walls to make a little box. This can be made out of recycled wood, corrugated iron, or anything else that you can think of that will make your very own compost bin. Just make sure that you will be able to manage the compost, as you will be turning it. Make sure that your compost bin is on bare earth, or straight on soil, as this way, the compost ingredients will be able to break down.
My compost bin!
Now you know what you can compost in, you need to know exactly what you can and CAN’T compost. As often this is what trips some people up.
There are two essential ingredients to compost and you want to balance these 50/50. Green ingredients and brown ingredients. Or nitrogen and carbon. Or kitchen or garden ingredients. Simple? Still kinda confusing huh?
But I’ll make it easier to understand, as once you know, its so easy!
Brown ingredients, or kitchen ingredients include things like:
  • Fruit and vegetable scraps
  • Egg shells
  • Coffee grounds
  • Tea bags
  • Egg cartons
  • Shredded toilet paper rolls or cardboard that does not have any ink or dye in them
You can collect these “ingredients” in a bucket with a lid that you keep in your kitchen, until the the bucket is full. The lid is super important as this helps stop the stink.
Green ingredients, or garden ingredients!
The second part of composting is,
Green ingredients, or garden ingredients and this includes things such as:
  • Lawn clippings
  • Weeds that haven’t flowered
  • Any plants that have been thinned out when sown in groups
  • Dead leaves
  • Wood chips and saw dust from untreated timber
  • Seaweed
  • Pruned leaves
Other things that can be added, but aren’t essential are:
  • Manure (cow, horse, sheep, chicken)
  • Garden lime (limestone)
  • Drier lint (natural fibres preferably)
  • Soil
But don’t include:
  • Meat
  • Fish
  • Cheese
  • Bones
  • Dog or cat waste (as there can be worms)
These will attract rats or other nasty things to your compost due to the smell, or won’t break down as quickly as the other ingredients.
Unfortunately, composting isn’t as simple as chucking everything in a bin and hoping it’ll decompose. There are a few tricks that are super easy to learn though, that will ensure your compost works well!
So here are my simple steps to creating your compost:
1. Ensure your compost bin is in the place that you want it to be (a sunny spot, but away from a living area because it may smell a little)
2. If you have any sticks or straw, lay this down first, as it will help with air circulation and drainage.
3. Try to alternate layers of green and brown, or kitchen and garden. As this will help with moisture control. However, if you aren’t adding enough to create a “layer”, just make sure that you are adding roughly 50/50 of each type of ingredient at each time.
4. Keep the compost moist. Rain will help to do this, but if it doesn’t rain, you may want to give it a bit of water. Just keep an eye on the moisture content as you don’t want it to get dry.
5. Keep your compost covered. This will help to keep the moisture in, and prevent it from getting tooΒ wet. If you have a compost bin like I do, the lid is perfect, however if you have made your own compost bin, using a sheet of roofing iron, or a tarpaulin, or even old carpet would work!
6. The final important tip is turn your compost! This really helps to encourage the compost to break down as it mixes everything together and exposes oxygen to the compost. And oxygen is super important in helping the compost to break down. This only needs to be done every week, but you can turn it more if you would like. Its such a good work out! And sometimes I get my hubby to do it as my arms get too tired! Hehe (:
Turn the compost once a week to expose the ingredients to oxygen
In six to eight weeksΒ you should have a beautiful compost that can be added back into the garden! You might find worms in your compost and this is a good thing! It shows that your compost is nutritious!
Just give composting a go! Please! Once you start you will find it so simple and easy to do! If you have any questions just ask away (:
Happy composting!!!

The Changing Seasons

WOW! How fast does time go! Its already heading towards the end of August. And for me that means its almost Spring! But no matter where you are in the world, you will be preparing your garden for the end of one season, and the beginning of another. Even if you still have a few beauties producing in your garden, chances are it won’t be anywhere near as impressive as it was a few weeks ago! So this is the perfect time to give your garden the love that it needs!
For us heading into Spring now is the ideal time to pack your soil full of nutrients so that when it comes time to plant in the ground in a few weeks time, your soil will be bursting with goodness! I pack heaps of organic compost and organic fertilizers into my soil at this time of year, and it can be as simple as that! If you want to read up on it more, here is a great post about how to love your soil. Don’t forget to keep on loving your soil! Cos what goes into your soil, goes into your yummy veggies!!
Adding the right things to your soil can make a huge difference!
Another super important thing to get started on at this changing seasons time is getting your seeds started sprouting! No matter where you are, if you are planting from seed, now is the ideal time to get some seeds germinating in a warm place! If you have never grown from seed before, heading into Spring is the perfect time to overcome your fear! For a fuller guide on how to get your seeds started, check out this post I wrote about how to grow seeds! I have my seeds growing in little jiffy pots in a warm place in my house! Its important to make sure that these seeds get enough water and warmth so that they can reach their full potential!
I also like to plan ahead the times when I will sow more seeds, so that over Spring and Summer I can have lots of vegetables growing! I get my slower growing things started first (carrots, pumpkins and chillis), as well as a few fast growing things (lettuces and radishes), and then plan in for more fast growing things later on as well. This helps me to make sure that I will have a steady flow of veggies during the warmer months! Planning out what I am going to plant also helps me to get an idea of how many plants of each variety I should grow, so that there is enough for not just me and my hubby, but also that we could share or sell some of produce!
Planning out seed planting can really help to get your head around growing times
And if you are anything like me (a gardening obsessive compulsive) you will have so many seed packets that you almost don’t know what to do with them all! Well I have a simple solution! Organize them! I did this the other day again, as I keep adding more seeds to my collection as I see new and exciting vegetables I want to grow (Wow! Gone are the days as a kid where I used to think veggies were boring!). I laid out all my seeds (this made me super excited) and then alphabetized them! You can organize them however you like though! Whether its season, vegetable family or colour, growing time, I don’t know! Whatever makes your life easier! And then I put them into my seed album (which secretly is just an old photo album that never ended up being used for photos!). But seed boxes work also! Just so long as you have a safe, dry place for storing your seeds! Is it weird that I am super excited for more of my seeds to arrive in the mail this week so that I can not only plant but also organize too?? Probably! But hey! Whatever makes you happy right?!
Organizing seed packets helps to make sure you don’t lose or miss out on any potential veggies!
The changing of seasons is always exciting as it means you have new things to look forward to! Just make sure that it doesn’t just creep up on you, but that you are super prepared and waiting for it!
HAPPY GARDENING!

Capsi-YUM (growing capsicums)

Capsicums are delicious, crispy, juicy, sweet and oh so versatile. You can have them in salads, you can stuff them, roast them, have them on pizza. They add amazing flavor, and texture to whatever dish they are in. And the best part about capsicums, is that they are actually really simple to grow. I used to find the idea of growing capsicums really daunting, but after a long hot summer, I now think they are such an incredible thing to grow! This guide can be used for both capsicums and chillies!
When to grow: Mid spring to mid summer. If you live in a warm area, plant inside in late winter, and then put outside mid spring, and if you live in a cold area, plant inside in late winter or early spring and then don’t put outside until after the risk of frost has passed.
Where to grow: Capsicums grow up (to about knee height) rather than out, so you don’t need too much space around the plant. They do need a spot that gets a lot of sunlight, but not too much wind. The capsicums are very heavy on the plants and the strong winds can break the plants as they are quite brittle.
How to grow:Β If you are starting with a seed, plant the seed in good quality soil either inside or outside, depending on your timing, in a seed tray. Make sure you water the seeds really well, and after about 10 days, the seeds will start to sprout. Then move the plants to a small pot about 7cm or 3 inches tall, and keep the plant in this pot until it is about the same height.
If you bought seedlings, or if you planted it from a seed, the steps are the same from here on! Then move the capsicum plant to the garden, or to a big pot if thats where you are wanting to plant it. Plant the capsicum in a good sized hole in the ground. Pat the soil down around the plant base, and then put a bamboo stake into the ground next to the capsicum plant.
Feeding your plants:Β Capsicums love nourishment! Make sure that you are giving them enough food. Using a liquid compost once every two weeks while the capsicums are growing is really important, as this gives them the nutrients they need to grow well.
Staking the plants: Because of the brittleness of the plants, capsicums need to be staked as they are growing. Putting a bamboo stake in the ground next to the plants is the best idea. The plants can then be tied to the stake using old stockings or something else that will be gentle on the plant. As the capsicum plant keeps growing, keep staking the plant up, so that is secure against the stake.
Important things to know: Good ventilation is important when growing fruits (or capsicums). So ensure that the plants have enough room for air to move freely. Watering the plants really well everyday is also a very important part of growing capsicums.

Harvest: Capsicums can be picked whenever you want to pick them really! The longer they are left on the plant, the more they mature, and the flavor changes. The above, and below capsicum are from the same plant, just the bottom one (reddish) was left on the plant for longer. This is because the plant I grew was a common capsicum. The capsicum starts out green, and ripens to orange or red! Beautiful! When you are ready to pick your capsicums, use scissors to cut the vegetable off, or you can damage the brittle plant!

Enjoy your capsicums, they truly are beautiful plants, and they are so simple to grow! If you have any questions, let me know! (: